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LEARN TO SAIL ADVANCED PACK: LEVEL 3
We Prep, U sail !
Best suited for experienced sailors, this pack provides a series of 4 courses, including understanding the points of sail, fundamental trimming techniques, spinnaker essentials and crew roles when racing. The ‘Advanced Pack’ content is as follow:
COURSE 3 ‘UNDERSTANDING THE POINTS OF SAIL‘: At the end of this course, you will be able to understand the various points of sail and recognize how to best set your sails depending on the wind angle. This online course also covers examples of various points of sail while covering a simple sailing course and further sailing terminology .
1. Assessing wind conditions: Wind is the core element to sailing and is what powers every sailboat. Before leaving the marina, a sailor must first check the wind. For example, what direction is it coming from? How fast is it going? Are there any coming shifts in wind?
2. Points of sail description: The direction and the strength of the wind are the essential factors that affect how well a boat will sail. Once you have established the wind angle to the boat, you should be able to determine your points of sail.
3. Points of sail examples and diagrams: Some points of sail can be more difficult to sail than others, while some are more efficient, others provide for faster speeds. It is the important to understand the characteristics of each point of sail to make the proper trim adjustments and to appropriately position the crew. This will ensure efficient sailing, on any courses the boat is on.
4. Basic priority rules at sea: This section introduces important rules of the road to develop good seamanship and to control safety. (Learn the most important priorities rules at sea).
5. Sailing a simple course: Sailing a simple course enables a newcomer to put the various points of sail in practice. Know the variances in sailing a course upwind and downwind (and be aware of the process of setting up a pole)
COURSE 4 ‘FUNDAMENTAL TRIMMING TECHNIQUES’: Trimming sails is about setting the best sail angle and sail shape relative to the wind. This course will give you an overview of trimming techniques that can affect the overall boat’s performance. Italso explains the process of reducing and changing sails when the weather conditions change.
1. Basic trimming guidelines: The wind flowing across the curved surface of a sail generates lift. Frequent sail adjustments to keep the sails at a correct angle and correct shape to the wind are required for optimum boat speed. This section covers fundamental sail trimming techniques using telltales.
2. Devices affecting the jib trim: This section introduces other trimming devices that affect the performance of the sails, the keelboat balance and the boat speed. It covers the devices affecting and controlling the shape of the jib.
3. Devices affecting the mainsail trim: Understanding the devices influencing the mainsail trimming.
This section covers other devices affecting the mainsail trim.
4. Sail shapes – Draft and twist: Gain knowledge on the adjustments required to affect the sail shape.
This section introduces the sail shapes, together with the theory of sail draft and sail twist.
5. Changing or reducing sails: It is essential to depower the boat by either reducing the sail power or by reducing the sail area. To reduce power, it is suggested to flatten the sails, reduce the angle of attack and reduce the power by adding twist to the sails. This section introduces the sail selection and sail reduction to adapt to changing weather conditions.
COURSE 5 ‘SPINNAKER ESSENTIALS’: This course explains the difference between an asymmetric and symmetrical spinnaker and the procedures to hoist and trim spinnakers. The course also covers spinnaker gybing and retrieval techniques.
1. Sailing downwind: To maximize performance running downwind the jib can be poled out to expand the sail area exposed to the wind, or replaced by a spinnaker. This section is reviewing the various types of spinnaker sails.
2. Asymmetric spinnaker. This section describes the technique to fly an asymmetric spinnaker. It explains the procedures to prepare, hoist, trim, gybe and finally lower the spinnaker.
3. Symmetric spinnaker Symmetric spinnaker are most efficient in downwind directions but can also be flown at the close reach point of sail. Symmetrical spinnakers are established and trimmed using a spinnaker pole on the windward side.
3.1 Set up and hoist
Symmetric spinnaker sails can be hoisted to the top of the mast (‘masthead spinnakers’) or above the forestay (‘fractional spinnakers’). These are smaller in size and more suited for heavy conditions or close reaching.
3.2 Pole position and trimming
This section explains spinnaker trimming techniques and the role of the pole to control the shape of the spinnaker. As a general rule, the pole is set on the opposite side of the boom and is moved forward or aft using the brace. The pole is positioned perpendicular to the wind with the spinnaker clews at equal levels.
3.3 Spinnaker gybe and drop
This section introduces gybing under spinnaker and the procedure to drop and retrieve a spinnaker. These manoeuvres require several tasks to be performed simultaneously by each crew member.
COURSE 6 ‘CREW ROLES AND CLUB RACING’: This course describes the key positions on keelboats, and the tasks each crew is expected to perform while cruising or racing. The course gives an introduction to the rules of sailing and club racing.
1. Team work and crew positions: Sailing is a challenging sport requiring skills and team work. It is important to understand roles on a keelboat to identify the position each crew is best suited for, based on their individual skills and preferences. The correct sequencing of each activity will form the basis of effective team work.
2. Crew roles during manoeuvres: Each crew has a define role on a sailing boat and this role include a set of activities specific to each manoeuvre. Certain activities can be completed by one individual, and others need to be synchronized with other crew activities.
3. Weight distribution and communication: A well-trained crew will react to changes in velocity or boat speed automatically; moving forward and to leeward as the breeze dies or the boat slows and back up to weather when the boat heels over in a puff.
4. Race organization: Keelboat Clubs offer sailors racing in all formats to suit all levels of competition. Inshore racing consist of a series of short races, generally finished in a few hours and it is a good way to practice any learning.
5. Introduction to club racing: There is a few type of races. The first one is the ‘Pursuit race’, which is when a start time is given to the boat in relation to his handicap. The first few boats to finish are the first, second and third winner. The second type is the handicap race when every boat are starting at the same time across the starting line and the finished boat will have results varying from across the line to its handicap.
To increase your awareness on all aspects of sailing, we recommend that you take this pack to prepare you to a better sailing experience.
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